Your bank account information, social security number, and social media account information are among the details hackers seek to steal from you.
There are millions of spammers, hackers, and scammers operating worldwide to achieve this goal.
They can take your money or trick others into giving it to them. Hackers can be anyone. That is the scary part. You can buy a complete, fully functional exploit kit for just $3,000, with most of the work done automatically.
Between semi-amateurs using automated systems and serious hackers with sophisticated techniques, how can you be sure you are safe? Knowing how hackers work is the best way to combat them. With this knowledge, you can stop their malicious activities. This is a list of four popular hacker strategies.
This is perhaps the most common way hackers exploit their victims. Phishing is the practice of sending forms of correspondence or fraudulent emails impersonating legitimate business or government organizations. So, how to get someone’s IP through email. You are encouraged to download attachments or click on embedded links from email correspondence.
In reality, even if these links appear legitimate (which they often do), they are just fronts for hackers. If you click, download the attachment or fill out a form, you are actually giving hackers access to your IP address and login credentials. Then, it would be fairly easy for them to bypass your security information. Phishing can be done via SMS, email, or any other electronic communication in which the sender cannot be easily identified.
Malware is another tool used by criminals to steal credentials. Known as spyware, malware is a variety of programs and files that hackers use to steal your personal information. There are a wide variety of malware groups out there, from snooping on your activities to outright locking up your computer. Other ways include:
Keylogging malware: This malware tracks keystrokes typed directly on a keyboard or pin pad. Keylogging can do the following:
- Obtain your login credentials
- Record your keystrokes
- Remember your browser history
- Create nefarious pop-up windows that spam and damage your computer,
Automatic Install: Basically, the malware installs itself on your system without your knowledge.
Spying malware: This malware uses your webcam to spy on you.
Unfortunately, when malware infects your computer, professional services, and specialized tools are usually required to remove it.
3. Brute forcing
Bad actors can employ several techniques to make brute force attacks faster and cheaper. Sometimes, the passwords you choose are easy to remember and but they might not be the most secure. Password complexity has increased, as the average person has to manage 25% more passwords.
Sometimes, the passwords you choose may not be your strongest option.
As a result, all you are doing is making hacking easier. According to one estimate, 193 billion such attempts were made globally last year. A variety of brute-forcing techniques exist including:
Credential stuffing: This is one of the most common tactics, in which attackers feed large volumes of previously compromised usernames and passwords into automated programs. The tool then searches across numerous sites for matches. In this way, hackers can access several of your accounts using a single password. The strategy works even when a site has adequate security measures.
Dictionary Cracking: This method uses a list of unique words, compromised credentials, and common passwords to guess a user’s password.
Password Spraying: With this tactic, the hackers already know the victims’ usernames and are attempting to access their accounts by running down a list of commonly used passwords more slowly.
Mask attacks: This attack happens when the hacker knows something about the password, such as a special character. They then customize their brute force guesses based on that criterion. In all of these cases, brute force guessing is used to hack into your system.
4. Website and Data Breaches
Giving our personal information to other websites is something we all do. Some of them are secure, while others are not. It is difficult to avoid signing up for LinkedIn or ordering takeout online, but it is important to be aware of the risks if the data you provide to those websites are compromised.
Basically, hackers can gain access to popular websites and steal personal data. This can be done via SQL injection, remote file inclusion, and many other methods. Hackers can post and share your information on websites they frequent. This is why you shouldn’t use the same password for multiple websites or accounts. If a hacker knows one password, they will know them all.