Since Satya Nadella was appointed as the CEO, there have been some breakthrough done by Microsoft. One of which, Microsoft started to embrace the open source community. You might have known about this. That Ubuntu is available on Microsoft Store. At the time of writing, there are three versions of Ubuntu available on Microsoft Store: Ubuntu, Ubuntu 16.04 and Ubuntu 18.04.
One thing you need to know. Ubuntu for Windows 10 is not intended to replace Windows 10 itself. It tends to be a complementary in which you can you use the basic Ubuntu commands. You have basic Bash shell to run commands like ssh, git, whois and so on. Microsoft doesn’t provide GUI. But still, Ubuntu for Windows 10 is pretty helpful especially if you are a sysadmin.
Before being able to run Ubuntu on Windows 10, you need to enable the Windows Subsystem for Linux feature first. To do so, open Control Panel (Go to Start Menu -> Windows System -> Control Panel) and click the Programs option.
Next, click the Turn Windows features on or off
On the appearing Windows Features window, tick the Windows Subsystem for Linux option and click OK. Windows will ask you to restart the system to apply this change.
Once the Windows system is restarted, launch Microsoft Store and search for Ubuntu on the search box. Select a Ubuntu version you want to install and simply click the GET button to install it on your Windows 10 system.
Wait until Microsoft Store is done downloading the required Ubuntu files on your Windows 10 system. The total files of Ubuntu is about 214 MB. Once it done, you can run Ubuntu from Command Prompt by typing
ubuntu1804(if you install Ubuntu 1804). Or you can also launch Ubuntu via start menu.
On the first run, you can’t use Ubuntu right away. Instead, Ubuntu needs to be installed first. There is nothing you need to do. You just need to wait for minutes until the installation process is done. Once Ubuntu is really installed, you need to create a username first before being able to use it. Simply create a username on the provided form, followed by a password.
You can now run Ubuntu on Windows 10.